1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God,

2 Which he had promised before, by his prophets in the holy scriptures,

3 Concerning his Son, Jesus Christ, our Lord,

4 who was of the seed of David, according to the flesh, But declared the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead,

5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith in all nations for his name, Among whom are ye also, the called of Jesus Christ:

6 To all that are in Rome,

7 who are beloved of God, called and holy, Grace to you, and peace from God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.

8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ, for you all, that your faith is spoken of through the whole world.

9 For God, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, is my witness, how incessantly I make mention of you,

10 Always requesting in my prayers to come unto you, if by any means now at length I may have a prosperous journey by the will of God.

11 For I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift,

12 that ye may be established, That is, to be comforted together with you, by the mutual faith both of you and me.

13 Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that I have often purposed to come to you, (though I have been hindred hitherto) that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among the other Gentiles.

14 I am a debtor both to the Greeks and the barbarians, both to the wise and to the unwise.

15 Therefore, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you also who are at Rome.

16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel; for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth, both to the Jew and to the Gentile.

17 For the righteousness of God is revealed therein from faith to faith; as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven, against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who detain the truth in unrighteousness.

19 For what is to be known of God, is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it to them.

20 For those things of him which are invisible, both his eternal power and Godhead, are clearly seen from the creation of the world, being understood by the things which are made, so that they are without excuse:

21 Because knowing God, they did not glorify him as God, neither were thankful, but became vain in their reasonings, and their foolish heart was darkened.

22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

23 And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image in the likeness of corruptible man, and of birds, and of four-footed creatures and reptiles.

24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness in the desires of their hearts, to dishonour their bodies among themselves;

25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshiped and served the creature above the creator, who is blessed for ever!

26 Amen. Therefore God gave them up to vile affections; for even their women changed the natural use to that which is against nature: And likewise also the men,

27 leaving the natural use of the women, burned in their lust toward each other, men with men working filthiness, and receiving in themselves the just recompence of their error.

28 And as they were not careful to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them up to an undiscerning mind, to do things not expedient, Filled with all injustice, maliciousness, covetousness, wickedness:

29 full of envy, murder, contention, deceit, malignity:

30 Whisperers, backbiters: haters of God, violent, proud: boasters, inventers of evil things: disobedient to parents,

31 Without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful.

32 Who knowing the righteous judgment of God, that they who do such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in those that do them.