1 And I say, so long time as the heir is a babe, he differs nothing from a servant -- being lord of all,
2 but is under tutors and stewards till the time appointed of the father,
3 so also we, when we were babes, under the elements of the world were in servitude,
4 and when the fulness of time did come, God sent forth His Son, come of a woman, come under law,
5 that those under law he may redeem, that the adoption of sons we may receive;
6 and because you are sons, God did send forth the spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying, 'Abba, Father!'
7 so that you are no more a servant, but a son, and if a son, also an heir of God through Christ.
8 But then, indeed, not having known God, you were in servitude to those not by nature gods,
9 and now, having known God -- and rather being known by God -- how turn you again unto the weak and poor elements to which anew you desire to be in servitude?
10 days you observe, and months, and times, and years!
11 I am afraid for you, lest in vain I did labour toward you.
12 Become as I am -- because I also am as you brethren, I beseech you; to me you did no hurt,
13 and you have known that through infirmity of the flesh I did proclaim good news to you at the first,
14 and my trial that is in my flesh you did not despise nor reject, but as a messenger of God you did receive me -- as Christ Jesus;
15 what then was your happiness? for I testify to you, that if possible, your eyes having plucked out, you would have given to me;
16 so that your enemy have I become, being true to you?
17 they are zealous for you -- yet not well, but they wish to shut us out, that for them you may be zealous;
18 and it is good to be zealously regarded, in what is good, at all times, and not only in my being present with you;
19 my little children, of whom again I travail in birth, till Christ may be formed in you,
20 and I was wishing to be present with you now, and to change my voice, because I am in doubt about you.
21 Tell me, you who are willing to be under law, the law do you not hear?
22 for it has been written, that Abraham had two sons, one by the maid-servant, and one by the free-woman,
23 but he who is of the maid-servant, according to flesh has been, and he who is of the free-woman, through the promise;
24 which things are allegorized, for these are the two covenants: one, indeed, from mount Sinai, to servitude bringing forth, which is Hagar;
25 for this Hagar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and does correspond to the Jerusalem that now is, and is in servitude with her children,
26 and the Jerusalem above is the free-woman, which is mother of us all,
27 for it has been written, 'Rejoice, O barren, who are not bearing; break forth and cry, you who are not travailing, because many are the children of the desolate -- more than of her having the husband.'
28 And we, brethren, as Isaac, are children of promise,
29 but as then he who was born according to the flesh did persecute him according to the spirit, so also now;
30 but what saith the Writing? 'Cast forth the maid-servant and her son, for the son of the maid-servant may not be heir with the son of the free-woman;'
31 then, brethren, we are not a maid-servant's children, but the free-woman's.