1 What, then, are we to say about Abraham, our ancestor according to the flesh?
2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he would have had something to boast about—though not before God.
3 For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”
4 Now to someone who works, wages are not considered a gift but an obligation.
5 However, to someone who does not work, but simply believes in the one who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness.
6 Likewise, David also speaks of the blessedness of the person whom God regards as righteous apart from works:
7 “How blessed are those whose iniquities are forgivenand whose sins are covered!
8 How blessed is the person whose sinsthe Lord will never charge against him!”
9 Now does this blessedness come to the circumcised alone, or also to the uncircumcised? For we say, “Abraham's faith was credited to him as righteousness.”
10 Under what circumstances was it credited? Was he circumcised or uncircumcised? He had not been circumcised, but was uncircumcised.
11 Afterward he received the mark of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised. Therefore, he is the ancestor of all who believe while uncircumcised, in order that righteousness may be credited to them.
12 He is also the ancestor of the circumcised—those who are not only circumcised, but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.
13 For the promise that he would inherit the world did not come to Abraham or to his descendants through the law, but through the righteousness produced by faith.
14 For if those who were given the law are the heirs, then faith is useless and the promise is worthless,
15 for the law brings about wrath. Now where there is no law, neither can there be any violation of it.
16 Therefore, the promise is based on faith, so that it may be a matter of grace and may be guaranteed for all his descendants—not only for those who were given the law, but also for those who share Abraham's faith, who is the father of us all.
17 As it is written, “I have made you the father of many nations.” Abraham acted in faith when he stood in God's presence, who gives life to the dead and calls into existence things that don't even exist.
18 Hoping in spite of hopeless circumstances, he believed that he would become “the father of many nations,” just as he had been told: “This is how many descendants you will have.”
19 He did not weaken in faith when he thought about his own body (which was already as good as dead now that he was about a hundred years old) or about Sarah's inability to have children,
20 nor did he doubt God's promise out of a lack of faith. Instead, he became strong in faith and gave glory to God,
21 being absolutely convinced that God would do what he had promised.
22 This is why “it was credited to him as righteousness.”
23 Now the words “it was credited to him” were written not only for him
24 but also for us. Our faith will be regarded in the same way, if we believe in the one who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead.
25 He was handed over to death because of our sins and was raised to life because of our justification.